CDS Eligibility Criteria 2022 Latest Updates
CDS Eligibility Criteria : CDS Exam (Combined Defense Services) exam is scheduled twice a year by UPSC. Candidates should fulfill various parameters of eligibility criteria like nationality, educational qualification, age, marital status and physical conditions. Candidates appearing for the CDS 2022 exam must have completed their graduation or at least appeared for the final examination of the degree. Also, the minimum and maximum age to take the IMA exam is between 19-24 years. Candidates should practice more CDS practice year papers to improve their score.
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- Candidates should be permanently settled in India
- Candidates must be graduate or at least in their final year/semester.
- Minimum age limit is 19 years
- Female candidates are eligible to apply for OTA only.
- Divorced women should be childless
- B.Tech graduates can also apply for IMA, INA AFA.
- Candidates must meet the physical standards
CDS Eligibility Criteria: Nationality
All the important details including eligibility criteria are mentioned by the officials in the CDS 2 2022 notification. The nationality requirements of the CDS are listed below.
- a citizen of India,
- subject of Bhutan or Nepal
- A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India,
- A person of Indian origin who intends to permanently settle in India from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United
- Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam.
CDS Eligibility Criteria: Age Limit and Marital Status
As per CDS guidelines, female candidates can only apply for OTA while male candidates can apply for any post of CDS exam as long as they fulfill other eligibility criteria. The details regarding age limit and required marital status are given below.
|Academy||CDS Age Limit||Marital Status|
|Indian Military Academy (IMA)||19 – 24 Years||Unmarried|
|Indian Naval Academy (INA)||19 – 22 Years||Unmarried|
|Air Force Academy||19 – 23 Years||<25 years unmarried or >25 years both married and unmarried.|
|Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course)||19 – 25 Years||Unmarried Women, issueless widows who have not remarried, and issueless divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible.|
|Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Course for Men)||19 – 25 Years||Unmarried|
Points to Remember CDS Eligibility Criteria
- Male Divorced / Widower candidates will not be considered as unmarried. Hence, they will not be considered eligible for CDS exam.
- The date of birth which is entered in the Matriculation / Secondary School Examination certificate or the Matriculation equivalent certificate recognized by an Indian
- University or any equivalent examination certificate will be accepted by UPSC.
- No other age related documents like horoscope, affidavit, birth certificates from Municipal Corporation, service records etc. will be accepted.
- No change in the date of birth will be allowed on any subsequent basis.
- During the verification process or at any stage of the examination, if it is found that the date of birth entered by the candidate in the application form does not match with the valid certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against him/her by the Commission. Rule.
CDS Eligibility Criteria: Educational Qualification
As mentioned above, candidates appearing for the CDS 2022 exam must have completed their graduation or at least appeared for the final examination of the degree. It is important to remember that CDS admit cards are issued only to those candidates who fulfill all the eligibility criteria.
|Academies||CDS Educational Qualification|
|Indian Military Academy (IMA) and Officers’ Training Academy (OTA)||Graduation from a recognized university|
|Indian Naval Academy (INA)||An engineering degree from a recognized university/institute|
|Air Force Academy (AFA)||Bachelor of Engineering or Graduation (with Physics and Mathematics at Class 12)|
CDS Eligibility Criteria: Physical Standards for Male & Female
Candidates should be physically and mentally fit as per the guidelines of UPCS. A good number of qualified candidates become ineligible on medical grounds. Hence candidates are strongly advised to get themselves medically examined before applying for the CDS exam. The most commonly found reasons for disqualification are listed below.
- Wax (ears)
- Deviated Nasal Septum
CDS Heights and Weight Standards for CDS Eligibility Criteria
- The minimum acceptable height for male candidates is 157.5 cms. (157 cms for Navy and 162.5 cms for Air Force) and for female candidates it is 152 cms.
- For Gorkhas and persons belonging to the hills of North-Eastern region of India, Garhwali and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable height shall be 5 cms less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep, the minimum acceptable height may be reduced by 2 cm.
- The body mass index should be below 25.
- Waist to hip ratio should be below 0.9 for men and 0.8 for women.
- Waist circumference should be less than 90 cms for men and less than 80 cms for women.
- All biochemical metabolic parameters should be within normal limits.
Age-wise Height and Weight- Army and Navy (Male Candidates)
The below-mentioned standards are for male candidates interested in joining Army or Navy.
|Height in Centimetres (Without Shoes)||Weight (Kgs)|
|–||18 years||20 years||22 years||24 years|
*45 for Navy ** 47 for Navy
- A departure of ± 10% (for Navy) from the mean weight given in the table above is to be considered within the normal range. However, it may be waived up to some extent on merit, in persons with heavy bones and in body builds, as well as in persons who are thin but otherwise healthy.
Age-wise Heights and Weights- Air Force (Male Candidates)
The acceptable weight for Air Force candidates will be ± 10% of the average. (For FAT % (<20) of Normal Individuals).
|Height (mm)||Weight (Kgs)|
|–||15- 17 years||18-22 years||23-27 years||28-32 years||33-37 years||38-42 years||43-47 years||>48 years|
CDS Height and Weight Standards- Female Candidates
The age-specific height and weight requirements for the female candidates to work in OTA are listed below.
|Height in Centimetres (Without shoes)||Weights (Kgs)|
|–||18 years||20 years||30 years|
CDS Eligibility Criteria: Other Physical Standards
Apart from the height and weight ratio, there are several physical criteria that candidates must fulfill to prove their physical fitness:
UPSC has specified three types of visual standards for all academies:
For IMA and OTA
- Uncorrected vision(max allowed) – 6/60 &6/60
- BCVA – Rt 6/6 & Lt 6/6
- Myopia – < -3.50 D Sph ( including max astigmatism ≤ +/- 2.0 D Cyl)
- Hypermetropia – <+3.50 dSph ( including max astigmatism ≤ +/- 2.0 D Cyl)
- Lasik/equivalent surgery – Permitted
- Colour perception: CP II
|Vision (corrected) better eye 6/6 and worse eye 6/12||Vision(corrected) better eye 6/6, worse eye 6/12|
|Myopia of not more than minus 3.5 D||Myopia of not more than minus 5.5 D|
|Manifest hypermetropia should be less than plus 3.5 D including Astigmatism||Manifest hypermetropia should be less than plus 3.5 D including Astigmatism.|
For Naval Candidates
- Uncorrected without glasses: 6/12, 6/12
- Corrected with glasses: 6/6, 6/6
- Limits of Myopia: -1.5D
- Limits of Hypermetropia : +1.5D
- Binocular Vision: III
- Limits of Colour Perception: I
For Air Force
Candidates who habitually wear spectacles are not eligible for Air Force. Minimum distant vision 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other correctable to 6/6 only.
Hypermetropia Colour Vision CP-1
- Hypermetropia: +2.0 d Sph
- Manifest Myopia: Nil
- Retinoscopic Myopia- 0.5 in any meridian
- Astigmatism : +0.75 D Cyl (with + 2.0 D- Max)
Maddox Rod Test
- at 6 meters:
- Exo-6 prism D
- Eso-6 prism D
- Hyper-1 prism D
- Hypo-1prism D
- at 33 cms:
- Exo-16 prism D
- Eso-6 prism D
- Hyper-1 prism D
- Hypo-1 prism D
* Lasik/equivalent surgery
Candidates who have undergone any kerato-refractive procedures are required to show certificate / operative notes from the medical center specifying the date, type of surgery and procedure. Candidates must also satisfy the following criteria to be considered fit.
|Subject-wise Preparation Tips for CDS 2022 Exam|
|CDS General Knowledge||CDS Mathematics||CDS English Language|
- Over 20 years of age at the time of surgery.
- Minimum 12 months after LASIK
- Central corneal thickness is 450 µ. equal to or greater than
- Axial length 26 mm by IOL Master. equal to or less than
- Residual refraction of less than or equal to +/- 1.0D, including cylinders (provided acceptable in the category applied for).
- A normal healthy retina.
- Corneal topography and ectasia markers may also be included as additional criteria.
Hearing Standards for Air Force
The terms related to ear and hearing standards are:
- Speech test: Free zone hearing loss is a cause of rejection. Any reduction in CV/FW of less than 600 cms is not acceptable.
- Audiometric test: Audiometric loss should not exceed 20 dB, between 250 and 8000 Hz in frequency. On the recommendation of an ENT specialist, a unilateral hearing loss of up to 30 dB may be forgiven provided the ENT examination is otherwise normal.
- A radical/modified radical mastectomy entails rejection even when fully epithelialized and good hearing is preserved. Cases of cortical mastoidectomy in the past
- may present with the tympanic membrane intact, normal hearing, and no evidence of disease.
- Cases of chronic otitis externa with exostoses or inappropriately narrow flesh will be ruled out. Exaggerated tortuosity of the canal, skewing the anterior view of the
- tympanic membrane will cause rejection.
- Tympanoplasty type I is acceptable twelve weeks after surgery, provided the test of ear clearance in the elevation chamber is normal. Rejection will occur in the
- following middle ear conditions:-
- Attic, central or marginal perforation.
- Tympanic membrane scar with marked alternation.
- Tympanoplasty type II onwards but not type I.
- Calcareous plaques (tympanosclerosis) if they occupy more than 1/3 of the pars tensa.
- Middle ear infection.
- Granulation or polyp in the external auditory canal.
- stapedectomy operation.
- meniere’s disease
- Vestibular dysfunction including nystagmus of vestibular origin.
- Bell’s palsy after ear infection.
Spinal Conditions for Air Force
Past medical history of disease or injury to the spine or sacroiliac joints, either with or without objective indications that has prevented the candidate from successfully pursuing a physically active life, is a reason for rejection for commission in the Indian Air Force. History of spinal fracture/prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will be declined. The following conditions detected during medical examination will disqualify a candidate for Air Force service.
- The granulomatous disease of the spine
- Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis, and degenerative joint diseases
- Non-articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago, etc.)
- Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, vasculitis.
- Spondylolisthesis/ spondylolysis/ spondylosis
- Compression fracture of vertebrae
- Scheuermann’s disease (Adolescent Kyphosis)
- Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of the cervical spine.
- Unilateral/bilateral cervical ribs with a demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
Prospective candidates are advised to keep themselves in good physical condition by following the below-mentioned routine.
- Running: 2 to 4 km in 15 minutes
- Pushups & Sit-ups: Minimum 20 each
- Chin-ups: Min. 8
- Rope Climbing: 3 to 4 meters
The conditions related to dental standards and problems for CDS candidates are:
- Early pathological conditions of the jaw, known to be progressive or recurrent.
- Significant jaw discrepancies between the upper and lower jaw may hinder efficient chewing and/or will cause speech rejection.
- There is symptomatic temporo-mandibular joint clicking and tenderness is subject to rejection.
- Mouth opening of less than 30 mm, measured at the sides of the chisel, dislocation of the TMJ at the widest opening.
- All possible cancer conditions.
- Clinical diagnosis for submucous fibrosis with or without restriction of mouth opening.
- Poor oral health condition in the form of gross visible stones, periodontal pockets, and/or bleeding gums.
- Loose teeth: More than two mobile teeth will make the candidate unsuitable.
- Be unfit for at least 24 weeks from the date of cosmetic or post-traumatic maxillofacial surgery/trauma surgery/injury, whichever is later.
- If tooth decay is hindering efficient chewing of oral hygiene or normal nutrition or efficient performance of duties.
Candidates having any of the following conditions will be rejected on medical grounds even if they fulfill all other eligibility criteria.
- Tuberculosis, or evidence of tuberculosis, lesions of the lungs, heart, musculoskeletal lesions of the chest wall
- Abdominal and genitourinary system: hernia, undescended testis, varicocele, organomegaly, solitary kidney, horseshoe kidney and cysts in kidney/liver, gallstones,
- kidney and ureteric stones, lesions/deformities of urogenital organs, hemorrhoids, Sinus problems. , and lymphadenitis/pathy
- nervous system
- Tremors, and speech impediments, as well as incontinence are not allowed.
- Skin problems: Vitiligo, Hemangiomas, Warts, Corns, Dermatitis, Skin infections
- Enlargement and hyperhidrosis are not allowed.
other important facts
The following conditions detected on X-ray examination will be ineligible for entry into the Army and Navy.
- Granulomatous disease of the spine.
- Arthritis – Rheumatoid Arthritis and Allied Disorders and Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Scoliosis is greater than 100 degrees, as measured by Cobb’s method.
- Exceeding mild kyphosis/lordosis.
- Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis / Spondylolysis.
- Herniated nucleus pulposus.
- Compression fracture of the vertebra.
- Saccharification disease.
- Cervical ribs showing neurological or circulatory deficits.
- The presence of Schmorl’s node on more than one level.
- Atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
- Incomplete saccharification unilateral or bilateral.
- There is spina bifida other than sv1 and lv5.
- Any other abnormality, if considered so by the specialist
General Guidelines of Medical Standards
To be a ‘medically fit’ person, candidates should be in good physical and mental health. They also need to be free from any kind of disease or syndrome. In the following paragraphs, detailed guidelines of medical standards for IMA, INA, AFA and OTA:
- The candidate should be free from any medical condition that prompts him to visit medical facilities or use any aids/medicines.
- There should be no evidence of weak constitution, incomplete development of any system, any congenital deformity/disease/syndrome, or deformity.
- No swelling of any kind shall be allowed including tumour/cyst/swollen lymph node/s anywhere on the body.
- No sinus/s or fistula/s anywhere on the body would be considered good health.
- No hyper or hypopigmentation or any other disease/syndrome/disability of the skin.
- There is no hernia anywhere on the body.
- No traces that can impair functioning and cause significant deformity.
- There is no arteriovenous malformation anywhere in the body.
any deformity of the head and face including asymmetry, deformity from fractures, or depression of the skull bones; Or scars indicating chronic operative
- intervention and malformations such as sinus and fistula, etc.
- No loss of vision including color perception and field of vision.
- Any hearing loss, deformity/disability in-ear vestibule-cochlear system
- There is no speech impediment due to any etiology.
- No disease/disability/congenital anomaly/bone syndrome or disease of nasal cartilage, or palate, nasal polyps, or nasopharynx, uvula and accessory sinus. There
- should be no nasal deformity and no features of chronic tonsillitis.
- Any disease/syndrome/disability of the throat, palatine tonsils or gums, or any disease or injury affecting the normal function of any mandibular joint.
- Have no disease/syndrome/disability of heart and blood vessels including congenital, genetic, organic including hypertension, and conduction disorders.
- No evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis or previous history of this disease or any other disease/syndrome/disability chronic disease of the lungs and chest including
- allergic/immune conditions, connective tissue disorders, musculoskeletal deformities of the chest.
- No disease of the digestive system including any abnormalities of liver, pancreas including endocrine, congenital, hereditary, or genetic diseases/ syndromes and disabilities.
- No disease/syndrome/disability of any endocrine system, reticuloendothelial system.
- There is no disease / syndrome / dysfunction of the genitourinary system including malformations, atrophy / hypertrophy of any organ or gland.
- No active, latent or congenital sexual dysfunction.
- No history or evidence of mental illness, epilepsy, urinary incontinence, or enuresis.
- No disease/deformity/syndrome of the musculoskeletal system and joints including skull, spine and limbs.
- There is no congenital or hereditary disease/syndrome/disability.
The following ocular diseases will make a candidate unfit :
- Corneal Opacity.
- Lenticular opacity.
- Night blindness.
- Retinal lesions.
- Naso-Lacrimal occlusion.
It is advisable to all the candidates that they get themselves examined by a professional physician as per CDS physical and medical standards before applying for any of the posts under CDS 2022 Examination.
CDS Eligibility Criteria 2022: FAQs
Question. Can 12th pass apply for CDS 2022 exam?
Answer. You are not eligible to join CDS after 12th as the minimum educational qualification for CDS is graduation.
Question. Can women apply for CDS exam?
Question. What is the age limit of CDS exam?
Answer. The minimum age required is 19 years. The maximum age is 24 for IMA and INA, 23 for AFA and 25 for OTA.
Question. How many attempts are there for CDS exam?
Answer. Although the age limit and marital status are specified by the conducting body, there is no limit on the number of attempts. A candidate can apply for this exam till he exceeds the age limit.
Question. I am 22 years old male and I am married. Can I apply for Indian Naval Academy?
Answer. No, you cannot apply for Indian Naval Academy. Though you are eligible by age, you must be unmarried to sit in INA.
Question. I have done graduation in computer science. Am I eligible to sit in Indian Naval Academy?
Answer. No, you are not eligible to sit in INA. To be eligible for the INA exam, a candidate must have a degree in engineering.
Question. I am a 20 year old female candidate. I have remarried after my divorce. Can I apply for OTA?
Answer. You are not eligible for OTA. To be eligible for OTA, the divorcee should not remarry after the divorce.
Question. What if a candidate wears glasses regularly. Will they be considered for CDS 2022?
Answer. Candidates wearing spectacles are eligible for other CDS categories except Air Force. For the Air Force, you must not habitually wear glasses.
Question. What are the physical activities that can be done to clear the CDS Physical Round?
Answer. To be physically fit for CDS 2022, follow the routine given below:
- Run 2 to 4 km in 15 minutes
- Do Pushups & Sit-ups, minimum of 20 each
- Do Chin-ups, minimum 8
- Climb rope (3 to 4 meters)
Question. Under what conditions will one be disqualified in X-ray examination of Army and Navy?
Answer. Conditions that would be disqualified are granulomatous, arthritis, scoliosis, more than mild kyphosis/lordosis, spondylolisthesis, herniated nucleus accumbens, compression fracture of the vertebra, sacralization disease, cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit, presence of Schmorl Higher than one level, atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies, incomplete sacralization unilateral or bilateral, spinbifida other than SV1 and LV5, any other abnormality, if considered so by the specialist.
Question. Are there 60% criteria for CDS?
Answer. There are no marks criteria to apply for CDS exam. The only educational qualification required is a bachelor’s degree in any discipline. You can check the Educational CDS Eligibility Criteria in detail above.
Question. What are the physical requirements for CDS?
Answer. The CDS contains very specific BMI, height, weight, waist-hip ratio, vision, hearing standards and a list of undesirable medical conditions for both female and male candidates. Based on age, the relevant height and weight requirements are determined.
Some of the criteria include body fat percentage less than 20%, BMI below 25, waist circumference less than 90 cm for male candidates and 80 cm for females, and so on. You can check the complete physical requirement for CDS here.
Question. What is the age requirement for CDS OTA for women?
Answer. The age of female candidates for OTA should be between 19-25 years. For more details related to age limit and relaxation for CDS, you can check above details
Question. Can a final year student apply for CDS?
Answer. Yes, a final year student can also apply for CDS provided you are graduating before the start of the exam application process. Also, proof of eligibility for the degree has to be submitted in order to be considered for the post.
Question. Can I give CDS exam after class 12th?
Answer. CDS is an undergraduate level exam and hence cannot be applied for after class 12.
Question. What is the medical fitness required for CDS?
Answer. Common medical issues that a candidate must test before appearing for SSB interview include ear wax, deviated nasal septum, gynecomastia, phimosis, overweight/underweight etc. There are many other medical fitness issues for which you should get tested. And you can find the details above.
Question. What is the age limit of girls for CDS exam?
Answer. For women, the age limit for CDS exam is between 19-25 years.
Question. Is it necessary to qualify for CDS 1 before CDS 2?
Question. Can a graduate soldier apply for CDS?
Answer. Yes, if you meet all the CDS eligibility criteria, you can apply for the exam and will be treated like any other candidate.