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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 29 October 2023
|Word/Phrase||Part of Speech/Idiom||Meaning||Synonyms||Antonyms||Example|
|Mystery||Noun||Something difficult or impossible to understand, explain, or identify, often involving secrecy or enigma.
|Enigma, Puzzle, Conundrum, Secret, Puzzle, Riddle, Unknown, Puzzle, Uncertainty, Obscurity||Clarity, Certainty, Explanation, Solution, Disclosure, Openness, Transparency, Comprehension, Unveiling, Acknowledgment||The sudden disappearance of the artifact was a complete mystery.|
|Accuse||Verb||To charge someone with an offense or crime, typically by providing reasons or evidence.
|Blame, Charge, Censure, Denounce, Implicate, Incriminate, Allegate, Arraign, indict, finger||Exonerate, Absolve, Acquit, Vindicate, Clear, Justify, Defend, Praise, Uphold, Support||They accuse him of stealing the documents.|
|Espionage||Noun||The practice of spying or using spies to obtain information about the activities and plans, especially of a foreign government or a business competitor.
|Spying, Surveillance, Intelligence, Clandestine, Covert, Infiltration, Reconnaissance, Eavesdrop, Snoop||Disclosure, Openness, Transparency, Reveal, Candid, Overt, Honesty, Publicity, Clarity||The espionage activity revealed many confidential documents.|
|Scant||Adjective||Small in quantity or amount, barely sufficient, meagre.
|Minimal, Insufficient, Sparse, Scarce, Limited, Scanty, Paltry, Inadequate, Bare||Abundant, Plentiful, Sufficient, Adequate, Ample, Copious, Substantial, Lavish, Generous, Plenteous||The company provided only scant details about the new project.|
|Pertinently||Adverb||Relevantly or appropriately, in a way that relates directly to the matter being discussed or dealt with.
(उचित रूप से)
|Appositely, Aptly, Appropriately, Relevantly, Accurately, Properly, Suitably, Fittingly, Conclusively||Inappropriately, Improperly, Irrelevantly, Inconclusively, Unfittingly, Unnecessarily, Unrelatedly||She addressed the audience pertinently, answering the questions directly.|
|Import||Verb||Meaningful, to bring something in from a foreign country, something of significance or importance.
|Significance, Meaning, Value, Consequence, Importance, Relevance, Weight, Substance, Impact||Triviality, Insignificance, Irrelevance, Worthlessness, Inconsequence, Insignificancy||The new trade agreement will import beneficial changes for both countries.|
|Particular||Adjective||Specific, a certain detail or item of importance, individual.
|Specific, Certain, Specificity, Detail, Individual, Distinct, Peculiar, Precise, Unique, Particularized||General, Universal, Unsuspicious, Broad, Common, Public, Collective, Indefinite, Nonspecific, Imprecise||He was very particular about the ingredients he used in his cooking.|
|Blockade||Noun||To block or obstruct passage, an act to prevent access or progress, isolation.
|Barricade, Hinder, Obstruct, Enclosure, Impede, Barrier, Obstruction, Prevention, Embargo, Blockage||Clear, Passage, Unobstructed, Allowance, Accessibility, Opening, Permeability, Clearance, Freedom, Assistance||The protestors established a blockade to prevent the entry of vehicles into the restricted area.|
|Expatriates||Noun||People residing outside their native country, emigrants, citizens living abroad.
|Emigrants, Settlers, Emigres, Migrants, Exiles, Migrators, Diasporas, Evacuees, Outlanders||Natives, Inhabitants, Residents, Locals, Citizens, Nationals, Homebodies, Indigenes, Compatriots||The company offers assistance programs for its expatriates living in various countries.|
|Integral||Adjective||Necessary for completeness, essential, fundamental.
|Essential, Fundamental, Crucial, Vital, Indispensable, Intrinsic, Pivotal, Basic, Central, Key||Inessential, Unnecessary, Dispensable, Expendable, Unimportant, Irrelevant, Superfluous||Good communication skills are integral to a successful career in any field.|
|Rift||Noun||A crack, split, or break in something.
|Breach, Division, Separation, Disagreement, Schism, Fracture, Cleavage, Discord, Break, Fissure||Agreement, Accord, Harmony, Unity, Connection, Reconciliation, Alliance, Understanding, Consensus, Conformity||The argument caused a rift between the two friends, leading to a strained relationship.|
|Engender||Verb||To produce, cause, or give rise to something.
|Generate, Create, Cause, Induce, Provoke, Beget, Prompt, Breed, Foment, Elicit||Halt, Stifle, Suppress, Deter, Quell, Squelch, Repress, Inhibit, Restrain, Suppress||The new policy is expected to engender positive changes within the company.|
|Detriment||Noun||Harm or damage caused to someone or something.
|Harm, Damage, Loss, Injury, Impairment, Disadvantage, Disadvantageous, Prejudice, Deterioration, Destruction||Benefit, Advantage, Boon, Aid, Assistance, Help, Profit, Blessing, Improvement, Amelioration||His absence will be to the detriment of the team’s chances of winning.|